The Life, Correspondence and Collections of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel

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Little is known of Bess's early life. She appears to have been espoused to her first husband during the s,and married for the first time in Despite the story being repeated, there is no contemporary evidence whatsoever to support Dugdale's claims that she became familiar with city life and the Tudor Court after being sent to live, aged twelve, in the London household of Anne Gainsford , Lady Zouche of Codnor Castle in Derbyshire, where she was influenced by Lady Zouche.

Despite a lack of evidence, it is possible — but no more than that — that at some point after the death of her first husband, she entered the service of the Zouches at Codnor Castle in Derbyshire. A close family associate was a man named Henry Marmion whose family held land close to Codnor , may have commended Bess to the Zouches who, along with the Vernons, were the only major Derbyshire family to have taken in such children.

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However, Anne Gainsford was in service in the households of Anne Boleyn and Jane Seymour , despite marrying Sir George Zouche in , spent much of her time at court until after , when she and Sir George made Codnor Castle their main residence. However, there is no evidence to support the story, Dugdale would have known much more about the early life of Lady Zouche than was known of Bess's origins, it is again down to Dugdale that the story came about that from Codnor Bess entered the service of the Greys at Bradgate in Leicestershire , where she met and married her second husband, Sir William Cavendish.

She married Sir William at Bradgate, but that in itself does not prove that Bess was in service at Bradgate, it remains possible that she met Sir William elsewhere at Codnor. In , Bess married year-old heir to a neighbouring estate; the exact date of her marriage to Robert is unkn. England England is a country, part of the United Kingdom.

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It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain , which lies in the North Atlantic , includes over smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries.

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England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church , English law — the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world — developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.

The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation.

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England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London , which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea ; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People.

The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria ; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary , its modern spelling was first used in The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus , Germania , in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons , came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany.

In Scottish Gaelic , another language which developed on the island of Great Britain , the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo : "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.

In it are two large islands called Britannia. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones " in the now lost Massaliote Periplus , attested through Avienus ' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria , related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor , dating to approximate.

The much-conserved town has Roman Catholic cathedral. Although smaller in population than most other parishes, Arundel has a museum and comes second behind much larger Chichester in its number of listed buildings in West Sussex; the River Arun runs through the eastern side of the town. Arundel was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Reform Act From the town had its own Borough police force with a strength of three.

In it became part of the Arun district, is now a civil parish with a town council; the name was spelled Arundell. The modern spelling dates to the 18th century; the etymology of the name is derived from the name of River Arun, a British hydronym , combined with Anglo-Saxon dell. A popular etymology, reflected in the municipal coat of arms, connects the Norman French word for "swallow", aronde.

An electoral ward of the same name exists; this ward stretches north to Houghton with a total population at the census of 4, Arundel civil parish occupies an area somewhat larger than its built-up clusters, with the old town towards the north and the new to the south, separated by a main road. Arundel town is a major bridging point over the River Arun as it was the lowest road bridge until the opening of the Littlehampton swing bridge in Arundel Castle was built by the Normans to protect that vulnerable wooded plain to the north of the valley through the South Downs; the town grew up on the slope below the castle to the south.

The river was called the Tarrant and was renamed after the town by antiquarians in a back-formation.

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Arundel includes meadows to the south but is clustered north of the A27 road, which narrowly avoids the town centre by a short and congested single carriageway bypass. Plans for a more extensive, HQDC bypass were debated intensely between and and a junction was built for it at Crossbush. In Spring , Highways England published their preferred route for the new bypass.

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During there is a further period of consultation when views on a more detailed design for the four-mile dual carriageway will be sought. Arundel railway station is on the Arun Valley Line. The Monarch's Way long-distance footpath passes through the town and crosses the river here, while just under five miles north and north-west of the town the route of the South Downs Way runs; the town itself lies outside the boundaries of the South Downs National Park.

Arundel is home to seat of the Duke of Norfolk.

Thomas howard earl of arundel rubinsteins

On 6 July , Arundel was granted Fairtrade Town status. People born in Arundel are known locally as Mullets , due to the presence of mullet in the River Arun. Arundel is home to one of the oldest Scout Groups in the world. Arundel has a non-League football club Arundel F. The town has its own cricket ground at the castle cited as being one of the country's most picturesque, it hosts Sussex County Cricket Club for a number of games each season. Christopher Alexander , architect.

George Constable, local brewer and amateur artist, whose work is now in the Tate. He was a friend of John Constable. Derek Davis and painter Judy Geeson , actress. Cara Horgan , actress. Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel , part of the court of Queen Elizabeth I and a martyr for the Catholic faith, he was taken to the Tower of London with his dog in and died in His bones can be found in an altar at Arundel Cathedral.

Joad and broadcaster, wrote many books at South Stoke Farm near Arundel. Francis Meynell , publisher. Liam Treadwell , jockey. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Dictionary of National Biography. Mellon lectures in the fine arts. Princeton University Press. Retrieved 15 December London: British Library. English Interregnum. Nathaniel Fiennes John Lisle — Italics indicate service when the Greal Seal was ruled by Commission.

Revision History. Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk. Related Images. YouTube Videos.

Thomas Howard (2nd Earl of Arundel)

He is considered the most influential artist of Flemish Baroque tradition. Rubens's highly charged compositions reference erudite aspects of classical and Christian history. Self-portrait, , Royal Collection. The garden designed by Rubens at the Rubenshuis in Antwerpen.

It is approximately 6 miles from Thaxted, further from the larger towns of Saffron Walden and Braintree. Padua is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Padua and the economic and communications hub of the area. Padua's population is , Remnants of Padua's Roman amphitheatre wall.

Last Judgment by Giotto , part of the Scrovegni Chapel. It was established by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel by the graces of William the Conqueror. Aerial panorama of the castle and its surroundings. View of Arundel Castle's Norman motte with the quadrangle in the foreground. Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately under royalty in some societies that have a formal aristocracy. Nobility possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in society. A French political cartoon of the three orders of feudal society The rural third estate carries the clergy and the nobility.

Hungarian hussar troops set up by the Hungarian nobility, during the Austro—Turkish War of — The Garter "Star" above, and "Great George" below the knight on horseback.